Complete Infertility Investigation - Why is It Important?
Conceiving is dependent on number of factors. While some couple get pregnant easily, some other face a lot of difficulty in conceiving. Infertility tests are done when both man and woman after engaging in healthy sexual relationship over a long period of time fail to conceive. These tests are sometimes suggested if a year passes by without resulting into pregnancy after frequent unprotected intercourse.
Failure to conceive by a couple can be a result of infertility factors in man or woman or both. There are a lot of factors which affect the fertility which are treatable in some cases. That’s why it became necessary for man and woman to undergo complete infertility investigation to understand the different types and triggers for infertility. Most common infertility test are
1. Blood tests: A blood test of both partners is helpful in assessing general health of couple and look out for factors which might be reason for infertility. Tests for women:
a) Hysterosalpingogram: An X ray is done to check any blockage or other issues in the fallopian tubes that may cause infertility.
b) Pelvic ultrasound: Ultrasound helps to have a detailed look of female reproductive system anatomy and to check for fibroids.
c) Laparoscopy / hysteroscopy: This is done to obtain a clearer picture of the uterus, ovaries and other reproductive system parts.
d) Tracking cycle: Thickness of the uterus lining and ovulation can also affect fertility. This can be diagnosed by tracking menstrual cycles.
Tests for men
a) Sperm analysis: Sperm test is done to find sperm quantity, motility and the appearance in man’s semen. The semen may not contain any sperm in some cases. In case of these events, a follow up investigation may be done to find out development of sperm in the testicles. This is termed as testicular biopsy or testicular sperm aspiration.
b) Sperm DNA: The DNA structure of sperms also has a major role in fertility. Assessment of sperm DNA integrity is done in this test to see its impact on embryo development and other pregnancy relevant factors.